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TÜRK, Daniel Gottlob (1750-1813)


  • Michael Tsalka, piano

Daniel Gottlob Türk was a North German composer, performer, theorist and pedagogue whose Klavierschule remains a vital source for late 18th century keyboard practice. Türk saw the keyboard sonata as the perfect medium for expressing the boldest and most experimental of ideas, and the Klaviersonaten Grössentheils für Kenner was his only collection dedicated to professional players. Symphonic novelties, exquisite polyphony and extreme contrasts of character and register are vividly brought to life on four historical keyboards from the Department of Musical Instruments at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.


6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sonata No. 1 in A Minor () (00:10:31 )
I. Allegro assai e con spirito (00:03:33)
II. Poco adagio, patetico e sostenuto (00:03:12)
III. Allegro di molto e con fuoco (00:03:42)
6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sonata No. 2 in E-Flat Major () (00:05:41 )
I. Poco allegro e grazioso (00:02:42)
II. Adagio cantabile e sempre piano (00:01:40)
III. Allegro poco vivo (00:01:20)
6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sonata No. 3 in B Minor () (00:12:02 )
I. Allegro con espressione (00:06:09)
II. Adagio cantabile e sempre piano (00:02:16)
III. Allegro poco vivo (00:03:39)
6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sonata No. 4 in G Major () (00:11:04 )
I. [Allegro] (00:04:39)
II. Grave e pomposo (00:02:25)
III. Allegro assai (00:04:01)
6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sonata No. 5 in B-Flat Major () (00:10:41 )
I. Moderato assai e grazioso (00:05:42)
II. Largo (00:01:57)
III. Allegro scherzando (00:03:03)
6 Keyboard Sonatas for Connoisseurs: Sinfonia No. 6 in C major (1789) (00:09:32 )
I. Presto (00:04:41)
II. Andante più tosto - Allegretto (00:02:30)
III. Finale: Allegro assai (00:02:24)
World Première Recording
Total Time: 00:59:35

The Artist

Keyboard performer Michael Tsalka has won numerous prizes and awards throughout his career. A versatile musician, he performs solo and chamber music repertoire from the Early Baroque to Contemporary on the modern piano, harpsichord, fortepiano, clavichord, square piano and chamber organ. An active international performer and lecturer, he is currently preparing a critical edition of D.G. Türk’s 48 keyboard sonatas for Artaria Editions in New Zealand (www.artaria.com).

For more information, visit www.michaeltsalka.com.

The Composer

Today, Türk remains best known for his extensive and extremely detailed musical treatise, Klavierschule (1789), one of the most important sources for keyboard performance practice of the late 18th century. He is also well-known among piano teachers as the composer of a collection of useful keyboard miniatures, the Kleine Handstücke für angehende Klavierspieler, which systematically prepare beginning students for the many challenges of more advanced repertoire.

Türk’s musical training, which he received as a teenager in Dresden from Gottfried August Homilius, a former student of Johann Sebastian Bach, thoroughly prepared him for the varied musical rôles, which he had to adopt throughout his professional life. When he became a student at the University of Leipzig in the early 1770s, the keyboard virtuoso, Johann Wilhelm Hässler, introduced him to Emmanuel Bach’s Versuch über die wahre Art das Klavier zu spielen (1753) and also to his keyboard sonatas. Shortly afterwards, Türk, under the supervision of his mentor and friend Johann Adam Hiller, began to compose his first two collections of sonatas.


“Tsalka’s performances, with subtle and tasteful ornamentation, are a special treat…” – MusicWeb International

“On the whole this is strong, tasteful playing.” – American Record Guide


“The marvellous authenticity of Tsalka’s intimately expressive yet deeply intellectual performances here are a compelling testimony to an unjustly forgotten polymath.” – artmusicreviews.co.uk